The male and female human reproductive system includes many external and internal organs. They play a major role in producing new life. The female reproductive system includes the vagina, uterus and ovaries and male reproductive system consist of the penis, scrotum, seminal vesicles and prostate glands.
Here are some surprising information about our reproductive system.
Gametes Are the Smallest And Largest Cells
The human body is made of cells of different size and shape which carry out a number of functions. Male gamete or sperm is the smallest of human cells and female egg or ovum produced by the ovaries is the largest of all human cells. The size of the sperm excluding its tail comes to only about 5 micrometers by 3 micrometers whereas the diameter of the human ovum comes to about 120 micrometers.
The Size of The Penis Varies
A study among Americans has shown that the size of the penis varies from person to person. The smallest erect penis was reported to be of the size 1.6 inches long and the largest reported was 10.2 inches long, however the average size of the erect penis stands 5.6 inches.
Vagina Has Acidic pH
According to the information provided by the Food and Drug Administration, the average pH of the vagina is 4.5 showing that it is slightly acidic in nature. The acidic environment of the vagina is necessary for the survival of many microorganisms or beneficial bacteria which prevents the entry of pathogenic bacteria into the reproductive system.
Man Produce Billions of Sperm Cells
It has been estimated that, in his lifetime, each man produces more than 500 billion sperm cells and during an ejaculation a man can release more than 1.2 million sperm cells. The number of gametes produced by a man is far more than the number of gametes produced by a woman.
Some Women Have Double Uterus
Some women are born with a double uterus due to defects during fetal development. This condition is known as uterus Didelphys. In most of the women with two uteri they function normally. There are instances where a woman with a double uterus gave birth to twins developed in separate womb. It has been reported that about 1 in 2000 women around the world is affected by double uterus development.
Castration Caused High-Pitched Voice
Italian people of 17th century believed that castration before pubescent years resulted in a high-pitched voice in males.
• Castrated men with high-pitched voice were in great demand for church choirs and for operas.
• The testicles produce male hormone called testosterone which causes the normal development during puberty.
• Testosterone is important for reproduction as well as for the expression of secondary sexual characters in males such as deep voice, facial hair, body hair, etc. This might have led to the belief that castration improves the singing ability in men.
Moreover, women considered men with deeper voices more attractive and masculine. Researches show that the men with low pitched voice have a lower sperm concentration in their ejaculation than the higher-pitched men.